It has produced numerous garden-worthy cultivars. Bougainvillea (/ˌbuːɡɪnˈvɪliə/ or /ˌboʊɡɪnˈvɪliə/) is a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, or trees. Bougainvillea â¦ The name bougainvillea is based on the scientific name for the genus, Bougainvillea. Is also the national flower in Grenada. Bougainvillea are popular ornamental plants in most areas with warm climates, such as Florida and South Carolina, and across the Mediterranean Basin. The leaves are alternate, simple ovate-acuminate, 4–13 cm long and 2–6 cm broad. The name is often applied uncritically to material of hybrid origin[266. Common Name of Bougainvillea. Below are some of the more common hybrids in cultivation. Sun loving. Other Common Name: Pokok bunga kertas, Bougenville. General Information: Bougainvillea, named for a French navigator, is a native of South America and is grown extensively in the warmer climates of the United States. N.C. They can be easily propagated via tip cuttings.. Flowers are found in axillary clusters of three, each flower with a purple, red, pink, or orange bract beneath. Various species of Bougainvillea are the official flowers of Guam (where it is known as the Puti Tai Nobiu); Lienchiang and Pingtung Counties in Taiwan; Ipoh, Malaysia; the cities of Tagbilaran, Philippines; Camarillo, California; Laguna Niguel, California; San Clemente, California; the cities of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Huizhou, Zhuhai, and Jiangmen in Guangdong Province, China; Xiamen, Fujian and Naha, Okinawa. Bougainvillea "Miss Alice" is known by many names, including "Singapore White," "Mauna Kea White" and âMoonlight." How to grow and maintain Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra): Light: Paperflower plant prefers to grow in Full sun. Different authors accept from four to 18 species in the genus. Common Name(s): Bougainvillea; Lesser Bougainvillea; Paperflower; Paper Flower; Phonetic Spelling boo-gun-VEEL-ee-uh GLAY-bruh Description. They tend to flower all year round in equatorial regions. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Bougainvillea Spectabilis. Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. It is possible that the first European to observe these plants was Jeanne Baret, Commerçon's lover and assistant, who was an expert in botany.  They can be kept as indoor houseplants in temperate regions and kept small by bonsai techniques. The actual leaves are green. Scientific name : Bougainvillea spp. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day). It can be found cultivated and naturalized across Asia, Africa, tropical America, the West Indies, the Mediterranean region, and on many islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans in tropical and warm temperate regions. Because she was not allowed on ship as a woman, she disguised herself as a man in order to make the journey (and thus became the first woman to circumnavigate the globe).. This had led to multiple names for the same cultivar (or variety) and has added to the confusion over the names of bougainvillea cultivars. Bougainvillea speciosa Schnizl. It has medium green leaves that have a warm bronze cast to the new growth and very colorful bracts that turn from gold to pink as they mature surrounding the small white flowers. Category : Climbing plants. Lower surfaces are softly hairy with prominent venation and slender petioles. Originally thought to be a distinct species, it was named B. buttiana in honour of the European who first encountered it. Bougainvillea glabra "Variegata" Common name(s): Paperflower, Lesser Bougainvillea Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Nyctaginaceae Origin: "Variegata" is a cultivar. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae â Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta â Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta â Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta â â¦ Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . Known also as greenfly, blackfly or plant lice, aphids are minute plant-feeding insects. 'White Stripe' (Bougainvillea âWhite Stripeâ) A stunning summer annual, this pearl bougainvillea â¦ Plant grown as a shrub or a screen Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr ... Bougainvillea is an evergreen, climbing shrub producing stems up to 10 metres long[200. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Common name â Bougainvillea Botanical name â Bougainvillea Spectabilis, Glabra Group â Indeterminate Evergreen climber Flowering time â Winter to Summer Planting time â Depends on finishing format and desired sales period Height and spread â Depends on finishing container and age. Preferred Scientific Name; Bougainvillea spectabilis Preferred Common Name; great bougainvillea Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; Bougainvillea spectabilis is an aggressive climbing vine or shrub growing >10 m high. However, later studies classified it as a natural hybrid of a variety of B. glabra and possibly B. peruviana - a "local pink bougainvillea" from Peru. For instance, around the 1930s, when the three species were grown together, many hybrid crosses were produced almost spontaneously in East Africa, India, the Canary Islands, Australia, North America, and the Philippines. Type of plant : Perennial. Water Needs: Low (Water-wise) Height: Medium. (Or plant [â¦] Bougainvillea glabra need at least four hours of direct sunlight every day during the active growth period. Lesser Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra) has distinctly 5-angled (pentagonal) floral tubes and short floral bracts and is distinguished from Great Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spectabilis) which has rounded floral tubes and longer floral bracts but they are otherwise very similar. Choisy. Tiny white flowers usually appear in clusters surrounded by colorful papery bracts, hence the name paperflower. Bougainvillea 'Rosenka' - Rosenka Bougainvillea Pretty colored flower bracts are gold in color when young and age to a rosy pink. The first European to describe these plants was Philibert Commerçon, a botanist accompanying French Navy admiral Louis Antoine de Bougainville during his voyage of circumnavigation of the Earth, and first published by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in 1789. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Bougainvillea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©G.A. Leaves are elliptical or ovate with the apex acute, obtuse, or acuminate and the base obtuse, rounded, or attenuate, slightly asymmetrical. Bougainvillea glabra, the lesser bougainvillea or paperflower, is the most common species of bougainvillea used for bonsai. Stems have long narrow thorns in the axils of leaves. Twenty years after Commerçon's description, it was first published as 'Buginvillæa' in Genera Plantarum by A. L. de Jussieu in 1789. Drought tolerant once established. Bongabilya (Tag.) Bougainvillea is a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, and trees with flower-like spring leaves near its flowers. This plant also has modified leaves called bracts (that may look like petals) and give the appearance of flowers. Bougainvillea is often grown as an annual or container plant. Apart from Rioplatense Spanish santa-rita, Colombian Spanish veranera, Peruvian Spanish papelillo, it may be variously named primavera, três-marias, sempre-lustrosa, santa-rita, ceboleiro, roseiro, roseta, riso, pataguinha, pau-de-roseira and flor-de-papel in Brazilian Portuguese. They are evergreen where rainfall occurs all year, or deciduous if there is a dry season. Washington State Department of Labor and Industries. Its long arching thorny branches bear heart-shaped leaves and masses of papery bracts in white, pink, orange, purple, and burgundy. Winged achenes are 1-1.5 cm, elongate, 5-ribbed containing 1 seed and are distributed by wind and water. Aphids. The best looking tree will be selected for you, if you have a desired preference please leave a note when checking out. The larvae of some Lepidoptera species also use them as food plants, for example the giant leopard moth (Hypercompe scribonia). Exposure: Full sun. A Bougainvillea you can keep happily in a medium sized container! Description. Nevertheless, buganvília [buɡɐ̃ˈviʎ̟ɐ] in Portuguese and buganvilia [buɣamˈbilja] in Spanish are the most common names accepted by people of the regions where these languages are spoken but it is an introduced plant. Meanwhile, Kew Gardens distributed plants it had propagated to British colonies throughout the world. Bougainvillea spectabilis contains pinitol, which has an insulin-like effect and has the potential for development as a treatment for diabetes. Common name â Bougainvillea Botanical name â Bougainvillea Spectabilis, Glabra Group â Indeterminate Evergreen climber Flowering time â Winter to Summer Planting time â Depends on finishing format and desired sales period Height and spread â Depends on finishing container and age. form a strategic partnership called N.C. It can be pruned into a standard, but is also grown along fence lines, on walls, in containers and hanging baskets, and as a hedge or an accent plant. Bougainvillea 'Rosenka' - An evergreen shrub that can reach to 3-4+ feet tall by 4-6 feet wide but can be kept much lower with trimming. The sap of bougainvillea can cause serious skin rashes, similar to Toxicodendron species.. UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS: Bougainvillea is native (sometimes considered invasive) vine, therefore it â¦ Native to South America, bougainvillea carry several names in the different regions where they are present. This is anything but an all-inclusive list, but it gives the reader some idea of the variety of colors and what is available. Aspect â Bright light with protection in mid-summer Elsewhere, they are seasonal, with bloom cycles typically four to six weeks. Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. × buttiana is a garden hybrid of B. glabra and B. peruviana. Hence, scientific name of Bougainvillea is used worldwide. A. Many cultivars, including double-flowered and variegated, are available. Cold-sensitive. Bougainvillea virescens Choisy: Paper flower (Engl.) Prefers full sun and moderate to regular water. Soon thereafter, a crimson specimen in Cartagena, Colombia was added to the genus descriptions. Its high salt tolerance makes it a natural choice for colour in coastal regions. Aspect â Bright light with protection in mid-summer In 1766 the French government commissioned him to sail around the world, finding new territories for France. The epithet 'glabra' comes from Latin and means "bald". Bougainvillea's vibrant colors come not from its small, inconspicuous true flowers, but from the three large bracts that surround them. It prefers moderately fertile, organically rich soil that retains moisture but is not soggy. It is a woody climber that can support itself on other plants by means of curved thorns carried in the leaf axils and by quasi-twining stems and should be kept away from high traffic areas as the thorns can be painful. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Growth Rate: Fast. It also is believed to have anticancer, antihepatotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antihyperlipidemic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antiulcer properties. The inflorescence consists of large colourful sepal-like bracts which surround three simple waxy flowers. BOUGAINVILLEA 'Pink Pearl' Submitted by Anonymous on Mon, 07/01/2013 - 2:37pm. It is native to Eastern South America, from Brazil, west to Peru, and south to southern Argentina. Currently, there are over 300 varieties of bougainvillea around the world. Bougainvillea grow best in dry soil, in very bright full sun and with frequent fertilisation; but they require little water once established, and in fact will not flourish if over-watered. It is pollinated by night moths, bees, and butterflies. Title The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Bougainvillea. The extract and decoction of this plant have been used as fertility control among the tribal people in many countries. Botanical Family: Nyctaginaceae. Originally, B. spectabilis and B. glabra were undifferentiated until the mid-1980s when botanists classified them as distinct species. The fruit is a narrow five-lobed achene. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bougainvillea sp. Binomial name; Bougainvillea glabra. Bougainvillea is best suited to a hot, dry climate and should be watered deeply but allowed to dry out between waterings. Bougainvillea are relatively pest-free plants, but they may be susceptible to worms, snails and aphids. Admiral Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, Comte de Bougainville, was a French soldier and sailor. Although it is frost-sensitive and hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 9b and 10, bougainvillea can be used as a houseplant or hanging basket in cooler climates. The first European to describe these plants was Philibert Commerçon, a botanist accompanying French Navy admiral Louis Antoine de Bougainville during his voyage of circumnavigation of the Earth, and first published by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in 1789.  It is possible that the first European to observe these plants was Jeanne Baret, Commerçon's lover and assistant, who was an expert in botany. Bougainvillea is also a very attractive genus for Bonsai enthusiasts, due to their ease of training and their radiant flowering during the spring. Explore Bougainvillea Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. The vine species grow anywhere from 1 to 12 m (3 to 40 ft.) tall, scrambling over other plants with their spiky thorns. Such is not the case, however, with "bougainvillea," where, as mentioned above, the botanical name doubles as a common name. Because many of the hybrids have been crossed over several generations, it is difficult to identify their respective origins. COMMON NAME: Bougies, Dwarf Bougainvillea SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bougainvillea GROWERS HINTS: A bundle of color, Bambinoâ¢ is the baby that happily does not grow up. Natural hybrids were soon found to be common occurrences all over the world. This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 13:55. Family : Nyctaginaceae. Publisher MacMillan Press Year 1992 ISBN 0-333-47494-5 Description Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Common name of Bougainvillea is the name which changes with change in the regions. It usually grows 3-4m (10â12feet) tall, occasionally up to 9m (30 feet). Flowery. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Title Flora of China Publication ... Common Name: Bougainvillea. Bougainvillea 'After Glow' (left photo htop) Bougainvillea 'Alexandra' (center photo kniphofia) Bougainvillea 'Bambino Baby Allison' (right photo Kell) Bougainvillea is not your typical houseplantâin its natural state, it's a sprawling climber and shrub with formidable thorns, often found on the exterior of buildings (like climbing up a trellis or over a fence) or in gardens in subtropical-to-tropical climates. When confusion exists over how to pronounce the scientific names of plants, we can usually take refuge in the spiffier common names. Bougainvillea glabra Common Name. Because she was not allowed on ship as a woman, she disguised herself as a man in order â¦ Bougainvillea spectabilis is a tropical perennial shrubby vine grown as an annual or container plant and makes an excellent addition to a pool or patio space. Bougainvillea glabra is sometimes referred to as "paper flower" because the bracts are thin and papery. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Knox, Gary W. and Black, Robert J. Distribution and habitat: Bougainvillea glabra is an evergreen, climbing shrub with thorny stems. Bougainvillea spectabilis is a tropical perennial shrubby vine grown as an annual or container plant and makes an excellent addition to a pool or patio space. Plant Facts: Common Name: Bougainvillea Botanical Name: Bougainvillea Family: Nyctaginaceae Plant Type: Evergreen or Partly Deciduous sometimes thorny Climber Origin: Tropical and Sub-tropical South America Zones: 9 - 12, Sub-tropical -- withstands light frost or short cold spells down to 32 if kept fairly dry in winter, may loose some leaves. Common name : Bougainvillea.  The genus was subsequently spelled in several ways until it was finally established as "Bougainvillea" in the Index Kewensis in the 1930s. List of various diseases cured by Bougainvillea Spectabilis. Bogambilya (Tag) Bougainvillea brasiliensis Raeusch. Bougainvillea (Engl.) Compilation by Armando Gonzalez Stuart, PhD Scientific Name: Bougainvillea spectabilis. A bougainvillea you donât have to prune to keep it from taking over your house! Heaviest bloom comes during the cooler months of spring and fall, when days and nights are nearly equal in length. Plant Type: â¦ The calyx is tubular with 5 lobes approximately 2 cm long. Common Name(s): Bougainvillea; Great Bougainvillea; Paper Flower; Previously known as: Bougainvillea speciosa; Phonetic Spelling boo-gun-VEEL-ee-uh speck-TAB-ih-liss Description. Names of Bougainvillea Spectabilis â¦ It is a member of the Nyctaginaceae family with close relatives being the four oâclock and the sand verbena. Scientific names: Common names: Bougainvillea bracteata Pers. Branches are covered with long, soft hairs. Great bougainvillea (Engl.) How Bougainvillea Spectabilis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. In the early 19th century, these two species were the first to be introduced into Europe, and soon, nurseries in France and Britain sold these varieties in Australia and throughout their former colonies. The growth rate of bougainvillea varies from slow to rapid, depending on the variety. Natural mutations seem to occur spontaneously throughout the world; wherever large numbers of plants are being produced, bud-sports will occur. The tube is the same color as the bracts, with white lobes approximately 3 mm long and 5-10 stamens. COMMON NAME: Bougainvillea *NOTE TO BUYER* The colors currently available are: Purple, Variegated Red or Red (photo). Common Name: Bougainvillea white and pink variegated bangalore flower show 2015 This variety can be kept as a shrub if pruned regularly. It is best tied to a structure such as a fence, wall, or pergola for support. In the landscape, it makes an excellent hot season plant, and its drought tolerance makes it ideal for warm climates year-round. It needs a dormant period and benefits from "neglect". Publication Author Huxley. Many of today's bougainvillea are the result of interbreeding among only three out of the eighteen South American species recognised by botanists. Common Names: Bougainvillea, lesser bougainvillea or Paperflower. Bougainvilla 'Pink Pearl' Common Name: Pink Pearl Bougainvillea. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. B. Reviewed March 2000. 1992. The actual flower of the plant is small and generally white, but each cluster of three flowers is surrounded by three or six bracts with the bright colours associated with the plant, including pink, magenta, purple, red, orange, white, or yellow. Tip: Reduce water and fertilizer and prune if necessary after flowering. Called a âflowering machineâ by some, the bougainvillea species (Bougainvillea glabra) are vining shrubs, regular vines or small trees that grow in â¦ â¦ The cultivars 'San Diego Red' and 'Mary Palmer's Enchantment'  have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. "Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida" University of Florida/IFAS Extension. Cooper. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "A Female Explorer Discovered On The High Seas", BonsaiDojo Species Guide - Bougainvillea Bonsai Tree, "Welcome to Ipoh - The Bougainvillea City", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bougainvillea&oldid=986870419, Articles needing additional references from March 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Once established, they are drought resistant.
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